Access Control (or Access Management)

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Access control is a security measure that enables organizations to provide varying levels of access to systems, network resources, and data based on the user’s identity and the sensitivity of the system or data. For example, access control measures can limit access to valuable intellectual property to a few key executives while blocking access to all other users. Access to customer data may be limited to users from sales, marketing, and customer service departments, and access to employee performance data may be limited to users above a certain management level. Generally, access control aims to provide access to the minimum information and resources necessary for the user to perform their job duties.