Network penetration is the act of breaking through security controls and gaining unauthorized access to a network. It’s often used in the context of network penetration testing (or network pen testing), which simulates a real-world attack to identify potential vulnerabilities and entry points for attackers.
Network segmentation creates barriers between different areas of a network, allowing each subnetwork to function independently. It’s a strategy that helps to reduce the attack surface. If a threat actor manages to access one network segment, they could not access other segments or spread malware automatically throughout the entire network.
Nth parties pose the same risk to your enterprise as third parties but are significantly more difficult to track: they are the vendors, services, applications, and IT infrastructures of your vendors’ vendors. That’s right: they are connected to your organization by “nth” degrees of separation within your cyber supply chain.